The Condom Quandary: A Survey of the Impact of Law Enforcement Practices on Effective HIV Prevention among Male, Female, and Transgender Sex Workers in China (Asia Catalyst, 2016)


Asia Catalyst worked with four community-based organisations in China and the UNFPA China office to conduct the research. Sex workers actively participated in defining the research topic, planning the research and interviewing over 500 female, male and transgender sex workers in three Chinese cities. The research found that laws, policies and police practice severely impact the implementation of China’s HIV response. Specifically, the use of condoms as evidence of sex work, and police crackdowns on the sex sector, contradict government health policy and put sex workers at risk.