CRIMINALISING CONDOMS: HOW POLICING PRACTICES PUT SEX WORKERS AND HIV SERVICES AT RISK IN KENYA, NAMIBIA, RUSSIA, SOUTH AFRICA, THE UNITED STATES AND ZIMBABWE (OSF, 2012)
This multi-country study observed the practice of police actively stopping and searching sex workers for condoms, either to destroy, confiscate or to use them as evidence to arrest sex workers. The report also reveals that in most cases police went onto harass, physically assault and sexually abuse sex workers who carried condoms on them. Police used the threat of arrest on the grounds of condom possession to extort and exploit sex workers. The report concludes that criminalising sex work and the use of condoms as evidence leaves sex workers particularly vulnerable to sexual infections and police abuse.